Jacquard Pattern Coverlet
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Classification: Building Furnishings, Bedding, Quilt. Materials and Techniques: Cotton Warp, Cotton & Wool. Style/Period/Movement: Physical Description: The Jacquard Loom was invented by Joseph Marie Jacquard in 1801. This mechanical loom was able to manufacture more complex patterns through the use of pasteboard cards with punched holes that determined the design of the weaving. This allowed complex textiles to be woven by men without extensive training or skill. The loom reduced time, labor and costs, as well as allowing the same pattern to be reused. The punch cards were the precursor to the systems used by early computers. This coverlet has a floral central medallion motif with four tulip clusters in the corners. There is a floral scroll border on three sides. It appears as though a worn portion was cut off because it is evident that the corner pattern is not complete. It is hemmed with the body of the coverlet folded over on itself. The colors of this coverlet are mustard yellow, rose and dark blue, in varying widths of stripes. The fringe is woven separately and hand-attached to three sides. Exhibition History: Rothman Gallery, F&M College, Lancaster, PA, Winter 1994; Winter 1997. Collection or Donor: From the Robert L. Schaeffer Jr. Collection donated to the college in 1987. It is said that Schaeffer (American 1918-2001), an avid collector of American folk art, often crossed paths with the Duponts. The collection largely represents a narrow geographic region consisting of Pennsylvania German objects and was accumulated over four decades. Robert L. Schaeffer, Jr. purchased quilt from Hatti Brunner (1890-1982), Antiques dealer from Reinholds, Pennsylvania.
76 x 83 inches
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