The Legacy of Henry Gast and an Examination of the Impact of Industrialization on Nineteenth Century Pottery in Lancaster
In 2002-2003 archaeological excavations at the Stevens and Smith site in downtown Lancaster yielded a variety of nineteenth century assemblages that have the potential to shed considerable light on the transitions to industrialization. In particular some of the artifacts recovered are associated with the pottery works of Henry Gast and Son that neighbored Thaddeus Stevens’ home and office. After examining the artifacts, it was clear that they were mostly typical of early nineteenth century pottery, mostly consisting of utilitarian redware. What was especially noteworthy was kiln furniture, bisque, and ceramic wasters that are not typical of domestic assemblages but likely point to a nearby pottery works. Stoneware and decorative pieces were also uncovered. It was evident that there were other forces driving the need to make nontraditional wares. The focus on this thesis then is to describe what these forces were, and why the Henry Gast and Son’s pottery works was able to withstand these pressures.
Franklin and Marshall College Archives, Undergraduate Honors Thesis 2007
- F&M Theses Collection