The Creation and Validation of the Perceived Safety Scale
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Safety is necessary for all societies. Without safety, our lives are impaired. In order to have an accurate understanding of how safety is perceived across individuals and communities, the proper assessment of safety perceptions is vital. Previous research has not used one standardized measure; instead, researchers have used either one item to measure perceived safety or related scales pertaining to walkability (i.e., the degree to which a neighborhood or city is considered safe for walking) and fear of crime. The main goal of the present studies was to construct and validate a measure of perceived safety that will encompass the complex nature of safety. In exploratory Studies 1 and 2, Principal Component Analysis revealed that four factors seem to explain variance in the overall perception of safety: Fear of Crime, Feeling Safe, Neighborhood Walkability and Safety Confidence. Study 3 utilized a confirmatory factor analysis to confirm the validation of the scale and replicate the previous findings. The construction of this measure will allow researchers to build meaningful interventions and allow future cross-cultural and meta-analytic studies to be conducted.
Franklin and Marshall College Archives, Undergraduate Honors Thesis 2018
- F&M Theses Collection