Transporting into the Past and Future: A Triangular Framework of How Our Perceptions of the Past and Future Self Influence Current Motivation
The purpose of this study was to investigate holistically how both perceptions of the past and future selves interact to influence current motivation. Participants (N = 86) were asked to reflect on defining memories of their past from two different time periods, and completed a self-reported Likert scale on their positive perceptions of the past and agency. Independent raters coded the narratives for agency in the past. We also asked participants to complete the Next Year Possible Selves questionnaire (Oyserman et al., 2004), assessing their projections of who they expect-to-be and avoid-to-be in the future. Independent raters coded the total plausibility score after examining each possible selves category and balance score from the future. Current motivation was measured by Cold Pressor Task duration where participants were told a cover story that the experiment was about sensation to cold temperatures, so they were not aware of any connections between past and future selves in relation to present motivation. In general, and according to our triangular framework theory, the results provide support for the past and current motivation as well as the past and future selves. However, contrary to what was expected, perceptions of the future self seemed to not contribute to current motivation. Future direction for research and practical implications of these findings for temporal selves and motivation are discussed.
Franklin and Marshall College Archives, Undergraduate Honors Thesis 2018
- F&M Theses Collection