Human Sustainable Development in Amazonia: ￼Questioning Erased Dimensions in the Human Development Paradigm through Household-level ￼Interviews in the Western Brazilian Amazon
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The Human Development paradigm has been used by policymakers, social scientists, and economic agents to shape how development should look across the globe. However, several studies have shown that the Human Development Index (HDI), which consists of four variables (obtained and expected schooling, life expectancy, and income per capita), is not an accurate way to assess growth in frontier regions. This research analyzes data from 32 household-level interviews collected in an extractive reserve in the Western Brazilian Amazon, totaling data on 142 individuals, to comprehend development in that region. It also reviews different measures of socio-economic well-being, such as the GNP, HDI, and critiques of the HDI, such as the Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) and Social Capital. Based on the interviews, results include the proposition of a Human Sustainable Development Index (.771 in 2015) and the expose of three erased dimensions of the HDI. This paper is particularly significant for the post- 2015 UN agenda on Sustainable Development. Key words: Human Development Index (HDI), Amazonia, Sustainable Development, Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK)
Franklin and Marshall College Archives, Undergraduate Honors Thesis 2016
- F&M Theses Collection 
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