Les Deux France en caricature pendant l'affaire Dreyfus
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The Dreyfus Affair, a decisive event taking place from 1894-1906 in France, involves the condemnation of a Jewish French artillery officer, Alfred Dreyfus, for selling military information to Germany. He is later aquitted, however, when the real traitor, Walsin Esterhazy, is discovered. It is commonly assumed that Dreyfus’ condemnation can be attributed to anti-Semitic officers and journalists; however, this assumption is untrue. The real basis of the Dreyfus Affair comes from an ideological struggle between those supporting basic human rights versus those that support the reason of the State. In the first part of the paper, I provide historical context in order to present the second part of the paper, where I conduct an image based analysis in examining the weekly caricatures of Psst!.. and Le Sifflet to show this ideological battle. A statistical analysis at the end provides further evidence.
Franklin and Marshall College Archives, Undergraduate Honors Thesis 2013
- F&M Theses Collection