La femme en tant que territoire: pénétration et libération en Afrique du Nord au XIXème siècle
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Thompson, Grace Regina
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This honors thesis explores various critical texts and primary sources dealing with French travel literature to the geographical region of North Africa, primarily written in the 19th Century. Primary sources are written in French. Relevant themes, such as Orientalism, Colonialism, and the idea of the Other are covered. Parallels are drawn between the geographical region of North Africa, and the woman, and the relationship between the colonizer (Europe and thus the French), and North Africa is related to the relationship between a man and a woman, in which the man or colonizer is usually the authority figure. The oppression of the indigenous people, and by extension, of women, is explored, such as the stereotypes and the European view of their inferiority, which emerged during colonization, and the idea that the representation of the Other (North Africa and the woman), through literature, images, etc., often became more important to the colonizers and French travel writers than actual reality. Finally, the quest to discover the “oriental truth” is discussed, and when this truth was discovered to be either non-existent or impossible to obtain, the violence that resulted in the colonizers’ treatment of North Africa (colonization), and in the man’s treatment of the woman (rape). Possible solutions to this violence are suggested, such as the North Africans and women hiding themselves and in so doing fleeing from the colonizers, or more positively, the idea that they must liberate themselves and gain independence in writing about the wrongs committed during colonization, and by writing to express their pride for their people’s culture and past.
Franklin and Marshall College Archives, Undergraduate Honors Thesis 2012
- F&M Theses Collection