Faunal Analysis at Fort Hunter: A French and Indian Supply Fort in Pennsylvania
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Dalton, Elizabeth Claire
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Subjectfaunal analysis, zooarchaeology,; French and Indian War, Pennsylvania, British soldiers, Pennsylvania soldiers, diet, foodways, animal bones, , Fort Hunter
This faunal analysis is of the private British French and Indian War fort, Fort Hunter. Fort Hunter, originally owned by Samuel Hunter, consisted of the house and a gristmill which was stockaded during the war. Established by the Pennsylvania government, this fort was initially part of a line of defensive forts. The subject of this analysis, Feature 2‐06, consists of faunal remains and some mid‐eighteenth century nails. Utilizing number of specimens identified (NISP), the minimum number of individuals (MNI), age at death via epiphyseal fusions, chop and saw marks along with spiral fractures and butchering patterns, this analysis attempts to determine who made the deposit and what their diet entailed. Consisting primarily of domesticated animals, the assemblage is hypothesized to have been made by British or Pennsylvanian soldiers. The chop and saw marks were similar to the butcher patterns described in Lyman (1977). While there is some uncertainty of the exact location of Fort Hunter on the Hunter property due to the absence of narrowly dateable artifacts in Feature 2‐06, the faunal assemblage composition is highly similar to those of other British French and Indian War forts in Pennsylvania; however, the faunal remains found are not necessarily probative of the occupation of the site before or after the French and Indian War.
Franklin and Marshall College Archives, Undergraduate Honors Thesis 2011
- F&M Theses Collection 
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